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BIND从9.4.1-P1开始在递归设置的微妙变化

受下面的内容影响,F5 V9.4.7后的GTM打开递归不能只是简单的设置recursion: yes

还需要明确设置相关的ACL,否则只是容许local

 

ISC Support Bulletin – July 2007
Document last updated: 2007-07-30

There has been some confusion surrounding the changes to the "allow-recursion" and "allow-query-cache" options made with BIND 9.4.1-P1.

This document will attempt to clarify the change and the impact that it makes on BIND servers.

In BIND 9.3, there was no segregation of queries between cache and authoritative data.

The release of BIND 9.4 added fine-grained differentiation between queries against authoritative data ("allow-query") and cached data ("allow-query-cache"). This allows more precise control, particularly if you do not want your clients to use any cached data, for example, in an authoritative-only nameserver.

Prior to the release of BIND 9.4.1-P1, the default action of "allow-recursion" and "allow-query-cache" was to permit the query. The P1 patch to BIND 9.4.1 caused two changes in this behavior:

1) If not explicitly set, the ACLs for "allow-query-cache" and "allow-recursion" were set to "localnets; localhost;".

2) If either "allow-query-cache" or "allow-recursion" was set, the other would be set the same value.

Upgrading from the BIND 9.3 branch to BIND 9.4.1-P1 will significantly restrict those servers that were previously recursive servers for more than "localhost; localnets;" unless configuration changes are made.

To retain the behavior prior to BIND 9.4.1-P1, the following entries should be created in your named.conf file:
Code:
 

We strongly advise against this configuration because clients spoofing queries can use your servers to launch distributed denial-of-service attacks.

The recommended method is to create ACLs that match hosts that should be allowed access to cache and recursion on the servers. For example, if you wanted to provided recursion and access to the cache to clients you trusted, you could list them in an ACL such as the following:
Code:
 

This example ACL includes 192.168.0.0/16 and 10.153.154.0/24 as sample networks that would require access. You must replace these sample networks with networks that correctly reflect your environment. This will allow anyone to query your server for authoritative data, but only those hosts within the "trusted" ACL access to your cache and recursion.

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